GLOSSARY OF TERMS

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Tile ManufacturerAccelerated Wear – A test which measures the simulated wear rating of a tile (generally vitrified tile) to provide data on the expected wear life of the tile.

Ceramic Tile – All tile types including Monocottura, Monoporosa, Glazed Porcelain, Unglazed Porcelain, Double Loaded Porcelain, Full Bodied Porcelain, Fully Vitrified or Vitrified – all are ceramic tile. The difference between these lies in the production and firing process.

Chemical Resistance – The tile’s degree of resistance to chemical attack (domestic, swimming pool, industrial) as visually noticeable.

Colour Body – A glazed tile where the body material is coloured, usually similar in colour to the image printed on the surface of the tile.

Double Loaded Tile – Tile with high durability based on having 2 layers of material – the base layer being the basic colour and the upper layer consisting of the coloured material to form the pattern and surface.

Floor Tile – Ceramic Tile that is manufactured for floor surfaces that involve weight loading and traffic wear. This tile is suitable for floor and wall application.

Full Body Tile – Unglazed tile, not having a glaze coating the tile body. The full body of the tile is composed of clay material giving the final colour and pattern.

Glazed Tile – A tile that has a clear glaze fired on top of it, generally to protect an image that has been printed onto the surface of the tile.

Gloss – The surface finish of a glazed tile, for use on floors or walls.

Honed – The surface finish of a tile, glazed or unglazed, that has had its surface polished in a satin finish.

Lappato – The surface finish of tile that has been polished but not deep enough to attain the lustre of a full reflective polish.

Matt – The surface finish of a tile in matt finish

Oil Wet Ramp Test – The oil wet ramp test is the test that provides us with ramp ratings, otherwise known as the R rating.

Paver – External paving tile, generally 20mm in thickness

PEI Rating – All glazed floor tiles are classified under a Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating for the suitability of fixing in a particular location. Please note that ‘full body’ porcelain tiles do not have a PEI rating (as they are very hard wearing).

Polished – The surface finish of a glazed or unglazed tile that has had its surface polished to achieve a high, uniform lustre.

Pressed Edge – Otherwise referred to as cushion edge, this describes a tile where the surface edge still has the factory press curved edge

Rectified Tile – A tile which has had the factory press curved edge trimmed off to leave a square, clean edge

Slip Resistance – The surface of tile in reference to its resistance to slipping under normal foot traffic in wet conditions

Step Tread Tile – Small format, non-slip tile that runs along the top exposed edge of any step. This achieves many purposes such as providing a hard wear surface to the step edge, adding a non-slip component to the step wear edge and creating a visual distinction between the step riser and step tread.

Structured – Term describing the character of the surface of the tile. There are many different types of surface structure. This unique character is given to the tile by the tile factory press.

Tactile – A textured tile for public spaces to provide a distinctive surface pattern of truncated domes, cones or bars detectable by long cane or underfoot. These are used to alert the visually impaired of approaching streets and hazardous surface or grade changes.

Thin Panel – Tile that is manufactured in a thinner body than standard tile. Generally large format in size and between 3-6mm in thickness. A lightweight flexible material.

Wall Tile – Tile that is designed for wall purposes only due to its higher porosity and lower wear rating. Not suitable for flooring applications.

Wet Pendulum Test – Uses a device to test the slip resistance of a floor surface and the risk of slipping. Gives a rating otherwise known as the P rating. This is the more accurate test in regards to the true slip factor of foot traffic.